Nov 7, 2023 10:00 EST

Rare Books, Autographs & Maps including the Esmond Bradley Martin Collection

 
  Lot 103
 

103

Viele's map of the underground waterways of New York City

Estate / Collection: Collection of a New York Surveyor

[MAP - NEW YORK CITY]

VIELE, EGBERT L. Sanitary & Topographical Map of the City and Island of New York. Prepared for the Council of Hygiene and Public Health of the Citizens Association. New York: Egbert L. Viele, 1865. This state with the printed paper slip pasted down to the title correcting an error, originally issued accompanying the "Report of the Council of Hygiene and Public Health of the Citizen's Association of New York upon the Sanitary Condition of the City," New York: D. Appleton & Co., 1865 (per Stokes, Iconography of Manhattan Island, Vol. III, p. 778). Measures 19 1/4 x 64 1/4 inches (48.75 x 163 cm); hand-colored lithographed map on two sheets joined, linen-backed with a pink cloth border. Lightly toned, rolled with resulting vertical creases, splits to paper mostly along the four creases closest to left and right edges, wear to corners and edges resulting in some marginal chips, tears, and losses; together with: A facsimile of the same map. Inscribed in blue ink, "Presented to Prof. E. B. Lovell by David H. Ray '01, Chief Engineer of Building, N. Y. City" Printed on thin coated cloth. Creasing and light wear.

"The most enduring nineteenth-century map of Manhattan" (Manhattan in Maps). The current map is an expansion on Viele's first sanitation map of the city, which was published in 1859 and showed only the lower half of the island. In this 1865 edition, issued to accompany his Report of the Council of Hygiene and Public Health of the Citizen's Association of New York upon the Sanitary Condition of the City, Viele maps the whole island for the first time. He also issued another, apparently later, version of the map in the same year, but with a slightly altered title, Topographical Map of the City of New York Showing Original Water Courses and Made Land, which appeared folded in a thin green cloth-bound booklet titled The Topography and Hydrology of New York (see. Doyle Rare Books, Autographs and Maps auction, April 29, 2021, lot 1033), as well as a further expanded version of the map that was issued in 1874. This map clearly delineates the city's underground rivers, ponds, canals, marshland, meadows, and sewers, as well as infilled shorelines. Viele's work on underground waterways and sanitation came at a time of great concern over disease in the city, namely cholera and malaria, which he believed were caused by an excess of moisture in the ground. He proposed that all sewage and drainage should follow the island's natural waterways, and that "the original water courses should again be permitted to have their deep and free outlets to tide water" (Manhattan in Maps). Despite Viele's intentions for his map, it found both unforeseen longevity and unrelated usefulness in the decades that followed. Its accuracy in mapping the city's waterways made it an invaluable resource to the architects, engineers, and builders constructing a rapidly growing city throughout the twentieth century. For example, it was referenced during the building of the Empire State Building, Stuyvesant Town, and United Nations Plaza. This is one of the most desirable maps of New York City and is quite scarce. Stokes, Iconography of Manhattan Island, Volume III, p. 777 & pl. 155; Cohen and Augustyn. Manhattan in Maps, p. 137.

Estimated at $4,000 - $6,000

 

Estate / Collection: Collection of a New York Surveyor

[MAP - NEW YORK CITY]

VIELE, EGBERT L. Sanitary & Topographical Map of the City and Island of New York. Prepared for the Council of Hygiene and Public Health of the Citizens Association. New York: Egbert L. Viele, 1865. This state with the printed paper slip pasted down to the title correcting an error, originally issued accompanying the "Report of the Council of Hygiene and Public Health of the Citizen's Association of New York upon the Sanitary Condition of the City," New York: D. Appleton & Co., 1865 (per Stokes, Iconography of Manhattan Island, Vol. III, p. 778). Measures 19 1/4 x 64 1/4 inches (48.75 x 163 cm); hand-colored lithographed map on two sheets joined, linen-backed with a pink cloth border. Lightly toned, rolled with resulting vertical creases, splits to paper mostly along the four creases closest to left and right edges, wear to corners and edges resulting in some marginal chips, tears, and losses; together with: A facsimile of the same map. Inscribed in blue ink, "Presented to Prof. E. B. Lovell by David H. Ray '01, Chief Engineer of Building, N. Y. City" Printed on thin coated cloth. Creasing and light wear.

"The most enduring nineteenth-century map of Manhattan" (Manhattan in Maps). The current map is an expansion on Viele's first sanitation map of the city, which was published in 1859 and showed only the lower half of the island. In this 1865 edition, issued to accompany his Report of the Council of Hygiene and Public Health of the Citizen's Association of New York upon the Sanitary Condition of the City, Viele maps the whole island for the first time. He also issued another, apparently later, version of the map in the same year, but with a slightly altered title, Topographical Map of the City of New York Showing Original Water Courses and Made Land, which appeared folded in a thin green cloth-bound booklet titled The Topography and Hydrology of New York (see. Doyle Rare Books, Autographs and Maps auction, April 29, 2021, lot 1033), as well as a further expanded version of the map that was issued in 1874. This map clearly delineates the city's underground rivers, ponds, canals, marshland, meadows, and sewers, as well as infilled shorelines. Viele's work on underground waterways and sanitation came at a time of great concern over disease in the city, namely cholera and malaria, which he believed were caused by an excess of moisture in the ground. He proposed that all sewage and drainage should follow the island's natural waterways, and that "the original water courses should again be permitted to have their deep and free outlets to tide water" (Manhattan in Maps). Despite Viele's intentions for his map, it found both unforeseen longevity and unrelated usefulness in the decades that followed. Its accuracy in mapping the city's waterways made it an invaluable resource to the architects, engineers, and builders constructing a rapidly growing city throughout the twentieth century. For example, it was referenced during the building of the Empire State Building, Stuyvesant Town, and United Nations Plaza. This is one of the most desirable maps of New York City and is quite scarce. Stokes, Iconography of Manhattan Island, Volume III, p. 777 & pl. 155; Cohen and Augustyn. Manhattan in Maps, p. 137.

Auction: Rare Books, Autographs & Maps including the Esmond Bradley Martin Collection, Nov 7, 2023

  • Successful Auction of Rare Books, Autographs & Maps Tops $1 Million!
  • November 7, 2023 Sale Featured the Esmond Bradley Martin Collection of Africana & Travel
  • Consignments Are Currently Being Accepted for Future Auctions


NEW YORK, NY -- Doyle's successful auction of Rare Books, Autographs & Maps on November 7, 2023 topped $1 million amid competitive international bidding. Offerings in this popular sale spanned early illuminated manuscripts to modern literary first editions.

The Esmond Bradley Martin Collection of Africana and Travel comprised fascinating material that attracted bidders from around the world. Highlighting the collection was a copy of the first Latin edition of the earliest published collection of voyages, including those of Columbus and Vespucci: the 1508 Milan Fracanzo da Montalboddo, which achieved a strong $239,400. The collection also featured a rare uncut copy of Livio Sanuto's 1588 atlas of Africa that doubled its estimate at $25,200, as well as a group of 19th and early 20th century material relating to Zanzibar that attracted intense competition, sending the lots soaring over expectations. (Read more about Esmond Bradley Martin below.)

Property of other owners was highlighted by a first edition of Charles Darwin’s groundbreaking scientific work, On the Origin of Species, 1859, which realized $94,500. This copy bore provenance of Charles Darwin's great-grandson Quentin Keynes, to the naturalist Richard Bayard Dominick, thence by descent to the consignor.

Robert Browning's first edition copy of John Keats’ poem, Endymion, 1818, sold for $37,800, many times its $7,000-10,000 estimate. The poem begins with the well-known verse, "A thing of beauty is a joy for ever."

The selection of livres des artistes featured François-Louis Schmied's Daphne in a major Art Deco binding by Pierre Legrain, 1924, one of 140 copies. The book tripled its $8,000-12,000 estimate, selling for $32,760.

Manuscripts in the sale were highlighted by a medieval manuscript on paper, Calculus temporum Ecclesiasticus, which sailed past its estimate of $3,000-5,000 to achieve an exceptional $31,500. This fascinating calendrical manuscript in Latin, circa 1360, possibly English in origin, was once the property of antiquary and collector Sir Thomas Phillipps (1792-1872).

100 years before the Revolution: from Plymouth Colony to the Salem Witch Trials - The Victor Gulotta Collection, offered a curated collection of 17th and 18th century manuscripts documenting life in colonial New England. Among the rarities were a 1691 document signed by two notorious Salem witch trials magistrates John Hathorne and Jonathan Corwin that realized $5,670, a document from 1686/87 signed by Edmund Andros as Governor of the Dominion of New England that sold for $5,670, and a 1656 Boston court document relating to a divorce case that achieved $6,300, all three exceeding their estimates.

Esmond Bradley Martin

Esmond Bradley Martin (1941-2018) was educated as a geographer and philosopher. He and his wife Chryssee had an enduring fascination with Africa, and settled in Nairobi, Kenya, in the mid-1970s. He wrote extensively, oftentimes in conjunction with his wife, publishing works including Zanzibar. Tradition and Revolution, Hamish Hamilton, 1978; Cargoes of the east. The ports, trade, and culture of the Arabian Seas and western Indian Ocean, Elm Tree Press, 1978; and many other works on African history and conservation. In the late 1970s, he began extensive research into the illegal trade in elephant ivory and rhino horn, which included substantial stints incognito posing as a buyer of illicit wildlife products. For a while, he served as special envoy for rhino conservation for the United Nations. He continued this work until 2018 , when tragically he was stabbed to death in his Nairobi home

For about thirty years, beginning in the mid-1960s, Esmond Bradley Martin assiduously collected books and manuscripts on Africa and its history, acquiring a phenomenal collection of letters by many of the major English explorers of the nineteenth century, as well as numerous rarities from earlier centuries. He was buying at a time when troves of such material surfaced frequently at English auctions. Doyle was privileged to offer the first selection of his collection in the November 7 auction. A second and final portion will be offered early next year.


We Invite You to Auction!

Consignments are currently being accepted for future auctions. We invite you to contact us for a complimentary auction evaluation. Our Specialists are always available to discuss the sale of a single item or an entire collection.

For information, please contact Peter Costanzo at 212-427-4141, ext 248, or Edward Ripley-Duggan at ext. 234, or email Books@Doyle.com

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