Fine Carved Celadon Vase
Six-Character Seal of Qianlong and of the Period
The vase rests on a flaring foot which is carved with a vertical lappet border terminating in ruyi heads. The baluster-form body is carved with the Eight Buddhist Symbols, each tied with flowing ribbons, clouds and bats, all below an interlocking ruyi band running around the base of the neck. The concave neck is carved at its base with a raised fretwork band below a field of two pendant bats amidst clouds. The handles take the form of stylized archaic dragons with raised edges thinning to white. Height 9 1/4 inches (23.5 cm).
Additional Notes & Condition Report
Estate of Clara Gates Leonard, Lynn, Massachusetts
Mr. Gates (1857-1937) was a descendant of the Revolutionary War hero, General Horatio Gates, victor at the Battle of Saratoga. Mr. Gates lived on an estate named "Gates Hill' in Hubbardston, Massachusetts and was an inventor and manufacturer of machinery. In that capacity he worked with Chinese industry in its beginning years and was in China twice in the early 1890s. On the second trip in 1895, accompanied by his wife, this celadon vase was purchased and brought back to America.
Qing carved celadon wares are one of the most difficult types to produce as the quality and depth of the relief carving had to be highly precise in order to obtain the high gloss glaze, the even shadings of dark where the glaze pools and lines of light color where the glaze thins at the points of highest convexity. Some were Imperial commissions, hence of unique shape and form. No other carved celadon vase of this form appears to be recorded, but one piece with strikingly similar decoration is illustrated in Qing Porcelain, Michele Beurdeley and Guy Raindre, p.152, pl.215.
Two other carved examples were sold in the T.Y. Chow Private and Family Trust Collections of Important Chinese Ceramics and Jades, Part I, Sotheby's, Hong Kong, 18 November 1986. Lot 85 was a carved jar, Qianlong Mark and Period and lot 92, a carved bronze-form vase, also Qianlong Mark and Period. Because of the date when this vase as acquired, there is a distinct possibility that it came from the Imperial summer palace, the Yuan Ming Yuan, plundered by the British and French in 1860.
Tiny frit at top edge of one handle. Tiny ground-down chip at bottom edge of foot.
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