Vincennes Porcelain Fond Bleu Lapis Jardinière on Stand (Vase 'Hollandois', 2ème Grandeur)
Circa 1754, blue interlaced L's mark enclosing the date letter B and painter's dagger mark for Etienne Evans to both the vase and stand, the model designed by Jean-Claude Duplessis
In two parts, the flaring vase painted with four panels of exotic birds in wooded landscapes within ciselé gilt surrounds composed of flowering branches, tall grasses and birds perched on rocaille-scrolls, above a deep flange; the lower bowl section with four cartouche-shaped apertures, above flowers sprays within gilt surrounds, between vertical bleu lapis panels edged with gilt scrollwork.
Height 7 7/8 inches, width 7 1/2 inches.
Rt. Hon. Lord Rothschild, G.M., F.R.S.
Christie's, London, 16 March 1970, lot 41.
Functioning as either as a vase or a jardinière, this model was intended to grow plants indoors. The upper section could be filled with earth and has holes at the bottom which allowed water to permeate. The lower portion acts as a reservoir. This popular model was introduced in 1754 and remained in production until the 1790s. A line drawing, inscribed in the hand of Duplessis and dated 29 March 1954, survives at the Royal Manufactory archive at Sèvres. According to stock records, by 1755, the form was being made in three sizes. Produced either singly, in pairs or in garniture sets, the factory records confirm 163 examples were made in the first decade. For a detailed discussion and illustrations of this form, see Dame Rosalind Savill, The Wallace Collection of Sèvres Porcelain, pp. 69-91. For a bleu lapis pair dated 1759, reference catalogue no. C218-19. Also see Svend Eriksen, Sèvres Porcelain, pp. 296-297.
Etienne Evans (active 1752-1807) was a painter of birds, animals and flowers at Vincennes and Sèvres from 1752 to 1807.
Jean-Claude Duplessis (c. 1730 - 1783), was a Rococo master goldsmith, sculptor, ceramics modeler and designer. He is recorded as the Artistic Director at Vincennes/Sèvres from 1748 to his death in 1774 and as royal goldsmith (orfèvre du Roi) from 1758 to 1774.
C Estate of Sarah Belk Gambrell
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