Russian Porcelain Plate
Imperial Porcelain Manufactory, St. Petersburg, period of Alexander II
Circular, the rim centering the gilt crowned monogram of Prince Michael Andreas Barclay de Tolly, within gilt and puce borders. Diameter 7 1/4 inches (18.4 cm.).
Prince Michael Andreas Barclay de Tolly (1761-1818), a Baltic German and descendant of the Scottish Clan Barclay, was a Russian field marshal and Minister of War during Napoleon's invasion in 1812. He served during the War of the Sixth Coalition (1812-1814) and took part in the invasion of France in 1814, commanded the taking of Paris. In 1815, he served as commander-in-chief of the Russian army.
Barclay de Tolly was awarded the Order of St. Andrew, the Order of St. George, a Gold Sword for Bravery and the Order of St. Alexander Nevsky, among numerous other awards. At the behest of Emperor Nicholas I, a statue Barclay de Tolly was erected in front of the Kazan Cathedral in St. Petersburg.
After the extinction of the Barclay de Tolly princely line with the death of his son Magnus in 1871, Emperor Alexander II allowed the field marshal's sister's grandson through female lineage, Alexander von Weymarn, to assume the title of Prince Barclay de Tolly-Weymarn in 1872.
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