[WAR OF 1812 - BROADSIDE] Great and Glorious News! Defeat of the British near Baltimore; Capture of the Champlain Fleet.
New Haven: Journal Office, dated September 15, . Folio broadside printed with header and imprint in 6 lines and the text in two columns (see below). The full sheet with irregular edges 12 1/2 x 7 inches (32 x 18 cm). A few faint spots and stains, folds, substantial separation along the center fold, small losses and creases along edges, ink numerals to verso.
An interesting War of 1812 broadside in two columns, the left reporting the capture of the British Fleet on Lake Champlain and the right reporting the repulsion of the British at Baltimore. The portion devoted to Lake Champlain reprints what Plattsburgh postmaster J. Lynde had provided to the Albany Argus Extra: "after an action of two hours this morning, Commodore M'Donough, our naval commander, took the WHOLE BRITISH FORCE ON THIS LAKE, with the exception of five or six gallies that made their escape." The portion on the action at Baltimore reports that the British had built up about 5000 troops at North Point compared to American General Smith's force of 8000 and that at "about 4 [pm], a heavy cannonade began, supposed between 4 frigates and Fort M'Henry, which lasted till sunset" and continued through to the morning of the 14th. The broadside closes with the report that "the British had been completely repulsed at North Point by Gen. Smith with the loss of 2000 or 3000 men--that the Fort returned the fire of the frigates so warmly that they were obliged to withdraw from the attack." Francis Scott Key, a Baltimore lawyer aboard a British ship trying to arrange for the release of a prisoner, witnessed this assault, noting that after 24 hours of relentless fire, "the flag was still there," indicating that the British attack had failed. He was moved to compose a poem, "The Defence of Fort McHenry," which was published in a newspaper and eventually became the United States national anthem. Rare: we trace only one similar broadside reporting this news sold at Anderson Galleries, January 1921. Only one institutional copy is listed in WorldCat (Indiana University - Bloomington Lilly Library).
C Estate of Frances Tower Thacher
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