[CIVIL WAR - BEAUREGARD, PIERRE GUSTAVE TOUTANT, CONFEDERATE MAJOR GENERAL] Manuscript plan of the First Battle of Bull Run rep...
. [No place:] possibly executed circa September 20th, 1873. Pencil drawn plan of the battle over the two opened sheets of a lined bifolium, the lower right corner indistinctly dated "Sept. 20/73", with a later manuscript (exhibition?) label affixed at lower center reading "Plan of the First Battle of Bull Run (Manassas) drawn after the battle by General Beauregard for Miss Ironsides Jackson." The full plan 10 x 15 1/2 inches (25.5 x 39.5 cm); framed. The sheet laid to card which is mounted to a larger mat board, old tear into image at right touching some text but mostly affecting an area without drawing, a few spots, toned areas and dust soiling, a few chips and minor losses at edges, the old text label tipped-on at one point only with offset below, a few specks of white at upper left, also present is a photographic facsimile overlay on clear plastic presumably made for enhancement in exhibition.
A PLAN SHOWING THE CONFEDERATE POSITIONS AT FIRST BULL RUN, LIKELY IN THE HAND OF BEAUREGARD. The plan seems to depict two versions of the action in the vicinity of Centreville on the afternoon of 21 July 1861. The plan at right shows a larger area with the "Enemy position" (Union) at left near the intersection of the Warrenton Pike and the Sudley Road delineated as well as markers such as the Stone Bridge and Robinson House. Certain Confederate regiments are delineated in this portion of the map, including those of Kirby Smith and Jackson. The left sheet shows a closer view of the same area with the action emanating from Centreville including the notation "McDowells March/2 divisions 20,000" near the location of the brigades headed by Sherman, Keyes, and Tyler. Virtually all of the names on this portion of the plan are Confederate though including Colonel Evans in the vicinity of the Stone Bridge; Colonel Cocke in the area of Lewis' Farm (Cocke would eventually commit suicide, despondent after his experience at Bull Run with Beauregard); General Bonham in the vicinity of Mitchell's Ford; at Blackburn's Ford are a large group of regiments under the commands of Generals Longstreet, Early, Ewell, and Holmes; and, lastly, at center, sits the name Jackson, for the brigade commanded by the general on the day he would earn the nickname "Stonewall." The label affixed to this plan reports it made by Beauregard for a "Miss Ironsides Jackson." The hand of the plan itself is consistent with Beauregard's in the early 1870s and the fact that his name and location during the battle is not to be found on the map may be telling as to its creator. The identity of "Miss Ironsides Jackson" is also not known - a possibility is that the map was made for the daughter of General Jackson, Julia Laura, born in 1862 just after the death of her father and that perhaps "Miss Ironsides" was a playful name for the then eleven year old in 1873 although no documentation supports this. An interesting relic from the Confederate perspective of the first major battle of the Civil War.
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