[CIVIL WAR - TEXAS] The Constitution of the State of Texas, as Amended in 1861. The Constitution of the Confederate States of Americ...
. Austin: Printed by John Marshall, State Printer, 1861. [Bound with:] Declaration of the Causes which impel the State of Texas to secede from the Federal Union. [San Antonio: Herald Office, 1861]? First editions. Modern black cloth. 8 x 3/16 x 5 1/8 inches (20.5 x 13 cm); 40, 40 pp.; 7,  pp. Bar Association stamps on title and first text leaf, some staining to title and first two leaves, minor toning and offsetting. With the early name in ink on the title "Chilton" (presumably George W. Chilton, Confederate Army officer, born June 4, 1828, in Elizabethtown, Kentucky, a signatory to the second work); and a further faint note in pencil "From Pryor Lea" (Lea served in the Secession Convention and chaired the committee authorized to publicize the proceedings of the convention and the new 1861 Confederate state constitution).
The first mentioned work contains the Secession Constitution of Texas, along with the Constitution of the Confederate States, and a ten-page Address by Pryor Lea, John Henry Brown, and John D. Stell. Under Article VIII, it removed the power of emancipation of slaves from the legislature, and forbade private emancipation.
The Declaration, separately published and bound at the end is perhaps far more revealing of the rancor which drove Texas to secession "By the disloyalty of the Northern States and their citizens and the imbecility of the Federal Government, infamous combinations of incendiaries and outlaws have been permitted in those States and the common territory of Kansas to trample upon the federal laws, to war upon the lives and property of Southern citizens in that territory, and finally, by violence and mob law, to usurp the possession of the same as exclusively the property of the Northern States," and "We hold as undeniable truths that the governments of the various States, and of the confederacy itself, were established exclusively by the white race, for themselves and their posterity; that the African race had no agency in their establishment; that they were rightfully held and regarded as an inferior and dependent race, and in that condition only could their existence in this country be rendered beneficial or tolerable." In its totality, this seven-page coda is a historically interesting but repugnant document. Ad I: Crandall 2150; Parrish & Willingham 4147; Winkler 70. Ad II: Parrish & Willingham 4151; Winkler-Friend 168.
C The New York City Bar Association
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