Sale 12PT02 | Lot 406

John Henry Twachtman

Catalogue: European, American, Modern & Contemporary Art
John Henry Twachtman

Lot Details

Lot 406
John Henry Twachtman
American, 1853-1902
Yellowstone Park, circa 1895
Signed J. H. Twachtman (lr)
Oil on canvas laid to board
30 x 25 inches

Provenance:
Mrs. Charles Cary, Buffalo, NY
Anson Conger Goodyear, Buffalo, NY, after 1913
Thomas Mellon Evans, KY, 1965
Eleanor Evans Norman, KY (sister of the above)
Private collection, Cincinnati, OH

Exhibited:
Buffalo, NY, Buffalo Fine Arts Gallery, Albright Art Gallery, Seventh Annual Exhibition of Selected Paintings by American Artists, May 21-Sep. 2, 1912, no. 114.
Buffalo, NY, Buffalo Fine Arts Gallery, Albright Art Gallery, Paintings and Pastels by the Late John H. Twachtman, Mar. 11-Apr. 2, 1913, no. 21 (lent by Mrs. Charles Cary).
New York, Spanierman Gallery, LLC, Gallery Selections, 2004, May 5-Jun. 26, 2004.
New York, Spanierman Gallery, LLC, John Twachtman: A "Painter's Painter, May 4-Jun. 24, 2006, no. 51; traveled to The Historical Society of the Town of Greenwich, Connecticut, Jul. 13-Oct. 29, 2006, pp. 180-81 color illus.

Literature:
John Douglass Hale, The Life and Creative Development of John H. Twachtman. Ph.D. dissertation, Ohio State University, 1957. Ann Arbor, MI: University Microfilms International, 1958, p. 515, no. 769.
Lisa N. Peters, John H. Twachtman (1853-1902) and the American Scene in the Late Nineteenth Century: The Frontier within the Terrain of the Familiar. 2 vols. Ph.D. dissertation, City University of New York, 1995. Ann Arbor, MI: University Microfilms International, 1996, pp. xxxvii, 372-73, fig. 400 illus.
Lisa N. Peters, John Twachtman: A "Painter's Painter, exhi. cat. New York: Spanierman Gallery, LLC, pp. 180-81 color illus., no. 51.

One of the most original and poetic artists of his generation, Twachtman is best known for his experimental Impressionist style, which made use of expressive brushwork and color to capture the spirit of his subjects. From 1889 through 1899, he devoted himself to painting his home and property in Greenwich, Connecticut. During this decade, he produced only two groups of images in which he ventured from this subject matter, a series of paintings of Niagara Falls in 1894 and another series of Yellowstone Park in 1895. His trip to Yellowstone was funded by Major William A. Wadsworth, a wealthy resident of Geneseo, New York. In Yellowstone Park, one of Twachtman's sixteen paintings of the park, he depicted the Grand Canyon of the Yellowstone, a site he described in a letter to Wadsworth as "romantic" and as looking "more beautiful than ever." Unlike his colleague Thomas Moran, who had portrayed Yellowstone's grandeur, Twachtman took for his subject the colors and shapes of the park, which he treated as arrangements of abstract forms. Inspired by Japanese prints, he divided the composition of Yellowstone Park diagonally, contrasting the shaded side of the gorge to the near plane, from which brilliant hues radiate, the yellow color seeming to emerge from within the rock. He used a vigorous, layered brushwork throughout the painting, incorporating the weave of the canvas and the texture of his pigments into the animated surface, thus conveying the heightened impact of the sun, which has melted a recently fallen snow.

This painting will be included in the forthcoming catalogue raisonne of the work of John Henry Twachtman by Lisa N. Peters, Ph.D. and Ira Spanierman.


C The Spanierman Gallery, LLC Collection of American Art

Estimate: $120,000 - $180,000
Sold for $86,500 (includes buyer's premium)

Additional Notes & Condition Report

Frame rubbing with corresponding inpaint. Scattered areas of craquelure. There are some light touches of inpaint in the surface at the far right center edge. No further restoration is visible under UV light.


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Estimate: $120,000 - $180,000
Sold for $86,500 (includes buyer's premium)

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Catalogue Info

European, American, Modern & Contemporary Art

Tue, Nov 13, 2012 at 11am EST
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