[SHERMAN, WILLIAM TECUMSEH, Major General] Confederate General Joseph Johnstons copy of Shermans General Orders No. 65 announ...
Headquarters, Military Division of the Mississippi/In the Field, Raleigh, N.C.: 27 April 1865. 1 1/2 page manuscript document on recto and verso of one sheet, headed "Special Field Orders/No. 65", the text signed at end "By Order of Maj. Genl W.T. Sherman/(signed) L.M. Dayton/A.A.G." The verso also bearing the ink signature of Confederate Assistant Adjutant General Kinloch Falconer, Johnston's Aide-de-camp, and is marked "Original" in purple ink by a later hand. 11 3/8 x 9 1/4 inches (29.5 x 24 cm); housed in a fine morocco backed slipcase with gilt-stamped spine and morocco label to cover. Usual folds with a few short splits at ends, some toning and spotting, the text unfaded but written with a very light stroke in a faint ink, Falconer's signature large and bold.
SHERMAN ANNOUNCES THE FINAL AGREEMENT OF SURRENDER AND OFFERS PROTECTIONS TO THE CONFEDERATE ARMY. On April 26th, the day before this order was penned, Confederate General Joseph E. Johnston met with Union General William T. Sherman to negotiate the final terms of the largest surrender of a Confederate Army at the conclusion of the Civil War. Special Orders No. 65, issued by Sherman on the 27th, announces the surrender, empowers Generals Schofield, Gilmore and Wilson to execute its details, and offers certain protections to the surrendering men. The order, which contains several poignant remarks, begins: "The General Commanding announces a further suspension of hostilities and a final agreement with General Johnston which terminates the War as to the armies under his command..." and continues mentioning that General Myers is designated to accept the arms of the surrendering soldiers at Greensborough. The mechanisms of surrender would be difficult but Sherman makes it clear "that uniformity may prevail; and great care must be taken that all the terms and stipulations on our parts be fulfilled with the most scrupulous fidelity, whilst those imposed on our hitherto enemies be received in a spirit becoming a brave and generous army." Sherman further offers transportation, provisions and animals to the surrendering men "to encourage the inhabitants to renew their peaceful pursuits and to restore the relations of friendship among our fellow-citizens and countrymen."
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