[MEXICAN WAR] POLK, JAMES. Three military commissions signed for notable soldier John J. Peck.
Washington: 14 May 1846; 17 August 1848; and 1 September 1848. Three engraved documents on vellum with two large vignettes, accomplished in manuscript and signed by Polk as President, each with countersignatures, docketing, and wafer seals. Largest 18 1/2 x 15 1/2 inches (47.5 x 49 cm), the others slightly smaller. Folds, some light soiling and small stains, one signature somewhat weak, one with old mounting residue to verso.
The earliest document here appoints John J. Peck Second Lieutenant in the Second Regiment of Artillery at the outbreak of the Mexican War; the 1848 documents commission Peck Captain by Brevet for "gallant and meritorious conduct on the battles of Contreras and Churubusco" and Major by Brevet for "conduct in the battle of Molina del Rey," one of the bloodiest battles of the War. Peck was a classmate of Grant at West Point and after the Mexican War served in the Union Army with distinguished service in The Peninsula Campaign and in the defense of Suffolk for which he was promoted to Major General.
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